Theme 8. Maritime Security and Surveillance

Theme 8. Maritime Security and Surveillance

  • Enhance safety, surveillance and defend the rule of law, while defending a humanitarian approach. The rule of law must be upheld and strengthened in the region. EMUNI
  • Regional coordination and a clear commitment of National Authorities to implement and to actively participate in all type of agreements, actions, joint trainings, exchanges, etc.  Collaboration amongst National navies, National Coast Guards and FRONTEX. Sharing key data and information on real time to create the best context to collaborate to fight against pollution, illegal immigration, piracy, smuggling, etc. IOC-UNESCO
  • Several studies and research work still done but results weren’t considered thus these studies have to be considered to resolve so many problems. INSTM – Tunisia
  • -Establish real-time monitoring and data exchange between governments,
    -Improve the capacity building of the stakeholders,
    -Governments must ensure the application of laws to all users of the sea.  National Institute of Marine Sciences and Technologies (Tunisia)
  • 1-Create a joint list between member states and define tasks and responsibilities
    2-Follow up on the implementation of these responsibilities and evaluate them by specialized committees
    3-Raise recommendations for each member and pay attention to them
    4-Activating a control team accredited by several local and international agencies and adopting the team’s decisions
    5-Publish and expose every violation and lack of interest in security and safety of the marine sector through various media
    6-A fine for every person who contributes to destroying the marine environment, by activating the police services system and cooperating with the Mediterranean organization
    7-Development and adoption of all that is new and serves the marine sector.  Ministry of Economy – Palestine
  • Create an alliance of technical national agencies and provide open and free data on maritime traffic.  Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna
  • Crossroader initiative, joint actions and programs, mobility programs.  AMFORHT
  • To carry out the Preliminary Project Presa Puente Estrecho de Gibraltar to unite Europe and Africa and to save the coasts of the Mediterranean from disappearing.
    https://youtu.be/9bbFyKE2DWw  .  Presa Puente Estrecho de Gibraltar, SA
  • Renforcer le rôle et les actions menées para l’UpM et mettre en œuvre d’autres OuestMed, dotées de moyens d’action efficaces.  DynMed Alentejo – Associação para Estudos e Projectos de Desenvolvimento Regional Projectos de Dese
  • Mettre en place un observatoire méditerranéen de la mer et des littoraux.  Association Tunisienne de l’Ingénierie Côtière, Portuaire et Maritime (ATIM)
  • L’amélioration de la sécurité maritime, conformément aux conventions de l’OMI. L’agence européenne pour la sécurité maritime et l’initiative SAFEMED et récemment en 2019 l’initiative ECAMED pour une mise ne place d’une zone ECA en méditerranée (Emissions control AREA) sur les émissions du trafic maritime en oxydes de souffle (SOX) et en oxyde d’Azote (NOX)sont réduite par rapport à la réglementation en vigueur. Cluster Maritime Tunisien
    1. To facilitate and homogenize data collection in the Mediterranean region and to create tools to be able to use these data (in a safe way for citizens) in the coordinated management between governments.

    2. Capacity building of stakeholders and promote sharing of visions to obtain a participatory diagnosis to be applied by all countries.   UNIVERSIDAD DE MURCIA

  • A special regional task force among the UfM on safety and security to ensure the cooperation and the information exchange.  RAED – Arab Network for Environment and Development
  • Promotion and implementation of education and training of the less developed Mediterranean countries. Promotion of fair trade with local and traditional manufacturers who are environmentally sensitive. Creation of an Institution that can coordinate all of it with its own resources coming from public/private sector.   ECONCRETE
  • 1. To facilitate and homogenize data collection in the Mediterranean region and to create tools to be able to use these data (in a safe way for citizens) in the coordinated management between governments.
    2. Capacity building of stakeholders and promote sharing of visions to obtain a participatory diagnosis to be applied by all countries.  UNIVERSIDAD DE MURCIA
  • A special regional task force among the UfM on safety and security to ensure the cooperation and the information exchange.  RAED – Arab Network for Environment and Development
  • Promotion and implementation of education and training of the less developed Mediterranean countries. Promotion of fair trade with local and traditional manufacturers who are environmentally sensitive. Creation of an Institution that can coordinate all of it with its own resources coming from public/private sector.  ECONCRETE
  • 1) Technical actions:
    • Develop new cybersecurity-based solutions for securing data and communications in complex and critical maritime systems such as ports and vessels (positioning systems, communication systems, access control systems, …)
    • Develop integrated solutions based on autonomous and unmanned (marine and air) drones/robots for surveillance around the vessel and in port areas, enhanced by advanced (surface and underwater) target detection and tracking systems
    • Develop advanced Alert Management Systems able to provide a continuously updated situational awareness about the safety and security conditions of a vessel and improve crisis management, in line with international standards in the subject matter, particularly those stipulated by The International Maritime Organisation instruments;
    • Develop new concepts and protocols with private companies and maritime operators to maximize the use of infrastructure, ships and platforms for scientific and environmental monitoring, safety and security purposes;
    • Develop systems for security of ports based on the integration of sensing technologies from multi-observational platforms (airborne, drones, on-ground, surface water and underwater) for the control of the persons and goods (containers, vehicles, …).2) Actions to ensure improved regional cooperation:
    • Enhance awareness at both civil and political levels of the degradation of the marine environment, which presents crucial security challenges in terms of disruption of national economies, displacement of people, degeneration of national identities and loss of lives.
    • Examine the possibility of developing regional directives regarding the safety of fishing ships and the protection from marine pollution generated by these units;
    • Create the legislative, technological and infrastructural conditions to promote a highly connected and automated sea transportation system to improve safety and efficiency of shipping;
    • Join efforts to ensure security in the seafood production and consumption value chain;
    • Improve Mediterranean training centres and capabilities to carry out projects for safety in oil & gas offshore operations, including environmental risk and new technologies;
    • Strengthen and reinforce maritime search and rescue cooperation and coordination in the Mediterranean.   National Research Council of Italy
  • Adopt satellite surveillance strategies to detect illegal discharges from ships in the region.  WWF
  • Il faut généraliser les chaines sémaphoriques VMS au niveau des pays membres et assurer une meilleure coordination entre les pays voisins.  Ministère de l’agriculture, pêche maritime, développement durable eaux et forêts: département pêche maritime – Maroc
  • Information exchange and data exchange is certainly a priority.  Malta Maritime Forum
  • – A full-fledged Maritime Surveillance approach for the Mediterranean region must address a multilevel perspective, involving EU, multinational, regional, and local levels of intervention. It is essential to involve public, and private bodies, universities, local authorities and citizens to intervene more efficiently on strategic issues and guarantee better efficiency and success in maritime surveillance;
    – The large diversity of actors and sectors require to build up voluntarist approaches based on the needs of users’ communities addressing maritime surveillance issues, including the convergence of their road maps. The development of clusters from citizens up to Multinational institutions can play a key role to build trust between different levels, but also to strengthen transnational cooperation in view of stimulating innovation, knowledge transfer and boosting the economic value of the sector.
    – Sharing data shall make surveillance more effective offering more affordable and accessible systems tackling integration and organizational issues. Data exchange should be favored by (i) harmonizing the different national legislative frameworks and relevant competent institutions for Maritime Surveillance, while envisaging an increased role of local and regional authorities in supporting these processes; (ii) by identifying the entities and agencies at national level with responsibilities of law enforcement in the maritime environment able to carry and promote the interstate exchange of information and (iii) by promoting the definition of a regional framework dedicated to maritime information sharing, endeavoring the possibility of a mixed public-private agreement to handle the question of property on commercial data deriving from the private sector;
    – Policy can help unlock the development potential of the Maritime Surveillance sector by providing suitable and harmonized legal frameworks for the use of confidential data (between different countries) .
    – Funding and financial authorities should ensure support to all phases of Maritime Surveillance development and particularly (i) help financial sustainability of Maritime Surveillance clusters ensuring trust, openness, stability, accountability and positive external impacts on the territories and (ii) provide funds and resources for Maritime Surveillance (e.g. back loans, public grants, monetary funding schemes, venture capital, etc.).
    – Foster synergies and coordination among the UfM, the renewed MED Blue Growth Community and in particular the two PANORAMED dedicated strategic projects MED OSMoSIS and SHAREMED would help join forces for a greater impact of the above-mentioned actions to support the sector.   Med Blue Growth community
  • – Coopération dans le contrôle des navires de plaisance circulant à travers la Méditerranée
    – Réglementation commune sur les mouillages.  Secrétariat général de la mer
  • Transposition de la réglementation internationale en loi nationale et veille à l’application des lois.  Agence nationale des ports Maroc