Theme 7. Marine Litter

Theme 7. Marine Litter

  • Stop pollution from all rivers. Make and popularise a study about the scope of the issue in the Med. In the second step, demand higher environmental standards for discharges. Monitor and quantify the BLuemed Plastic Pilot. EMUNI
  • Regional cooperation, public and private stakeholders’ exchanges, interactions and mobility, food security and sustainability, including respectful working conditions, health and legal certainty are key. IOC-UNESCO
  • Beyond policies (I do not intend to develop here on them) I believe we need to mainstream tools, concrete achievable and applicable to economic actors (fishermen, ports operators, food systems actors, from sustainable fishing to transformation, from logistic to consumption from consumer l’attitude to waste management.
    SDG compliance tools can and should be offered to economic actors. FAO
  • implement cradle-to-cradle design, set framework for creative micro re-use solutions on company/ community/ local scale to be tested and scaled up. MED JS
  • Implementation of regional networking group with different blue actors to evaluate the efforts and big data construction and statistical studies for different activities and their progress. INSTM – Tunisia
  • We need to change perverse policies that prevent what comes from the sea to be re-used. For example, each year significant damage comes from the aquaculture industry from macroalgal blooms, which currently are disposed as special litter with very high costs. These products could be recycled in local agriculture. Similarly, we should explore ways to reuse shells within the maritime industry (e.g. more sustainable concretes). About marine litter, we need: 1) a comprehensive dataset of distribution and impacts of ML and Microplastics MPs in Mediterranean marine ecosystems; 2) a modelling-based tool to visualize distribution and dynamics of MPs across boundaries, to assist decision-makers;  3) novel analytical tools for detecting MP impacts on marine organisms and ecosystems, and vulnerability indicators.  University of Bolognae
  • Awareness campaigns, regional networks on science and technologies, EU-MPC cooperation on biodegradable plastics. CNR
  • -Strong awareness of stakeholders and populations
    -Creation of laws for the application of EB principles.  National Institute of Marine Sciences and Technologies (Tunisia)
  • 1-Reducing products that contain harmful additives to humans
    2-Activating awareness campaigns and educating the public about these products and how to deal with them and their importance
    3-Activating the customer follow-up system after sales services in terms of achieving confidence and safety with customers
    4-Determining the list of merchants who deal with money laundering and holding them accountable
    5-Interest in regional and international cooperation to control money laundering and illegal business
    6-Attention to every entrepreneurial, voluntary, private or governmental work in order to cleanse the sea and beaches from the pollution
    7-Attention to publishing and media education about the accomplishments that are being achieved and the importance of supporting and financing these achievements for their continuity. Ministry of Economy – Palestine
  • Interface with EU programs. Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna
  • Regional cooperation, which has already kicked off, be further enhanced/scaled up.  AMFORHT
  • We must all be aware that our individual actions have a significant influence on the environment of the Mediterranean and of the whole earth in general.  Presa Puente Estrecho de Gibraltar, SA
  • Contrôle administratif et sensibilisation des opérateurs économiques.  DynMed Alentejo – Associação para Estudos e Projectos de Desenvolvimento Regional Projectos de Dese
  • Commençons par appliquer comme il le faut, le protocole relatif à la protection de la mer Méditerranée contre la pollution provenant de sources et activités situées à terre (adopté en 1980, amendé en 1996) et qui est entré en vigueur en 2011 : http://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/7096/Consolidated_LBS96_ENG.pdf?sequence=5&isAllowed=y  .  Association Tunisienne de l’Ingénierie Côtière, Portuaire et Maritime (ATIM)
  • 1) use of ICT in process improvement fighting marine litter
    2) to improve the techniques to obtain data related to marine litter and to put in common these data in an open platform to fight in a more effective way
    3) strengthen cooperation at local, regional, national and international levels to combat the problem of marine litter facilitating direct contact between them.   UNIVERSIDAD DE MURCIA
  • There should be a political will to tackle the ML challenge. There is enough knowledge and. capacity to meet the challenge. An enabling environment including legislations and alternatives are needed to make the change.  RAED – Arab Network for Environment and Development
  • The fight against plastics has to be at source, ceasing to produce and use many unnecessary plastics. Every day more perishable products (vegetables, fruits, meats, even fish) are sold in plastic packages, when they could be perfectly sold in bulk.
    The only reason for its existence and increase is the suppression of personnel in large supermarkets and the increase in profits.
    Here the European Commission can do a lot, just as it did with plastic cups, ear buds, etc.   Direcció General de Pesca i Medi Marí. Govern de les Illes Balears (Spain)
  • With regard to circular economy and reshaping our ways of producing and consuming goods:
    Legislative changes are needed in order to extend the sustainability aspects of products on a mandatory level…These aspects should address: enhancement of product durability, reusability, upgradability and repairability; increase in the resource efficiency of products; increase in the recycled content in products; enable remanufacturing and high-quality recycling of products; reduce products environmental footprint; etc.Regarding citizens and consumers and changing their behaviors:
    In addition to setting up effective awareness raising campaigns -that should deliver high-caliber and reliable information towards informed decisions- citizens and consumers should be empowered through appropriate product labelling, the establishment of a “”new right to repair””, availability of repair services, etc.With regard to marine litter tackled at land and at sea:
    Targeted and tailor-made measures should be implemented based on sound scientific evidence and coupled and/or driven by ambitious marine litter targets.
    Single-use items, including specific types of fishing gear should be phased out and replaced by more ‘sustainable’ options as a priority action.
    The misconceptions and uncertainties related to certain measures should be tackled in order to avoid ‘false’ solutions that will worsen the marine litter problem (i.e. to-date there are no plastics that can biodegrade in the marine environment; thus, this shouldn’t even be discussed as a potential solution).With regard to regional cooperation:
    Effective capitalization and mutual learning mechanisms should be put in place to facilitate structured cross-regional exchange of hands-on experiences with regard to the operationalization of measures.
    Operational regional guidelines should be developed to support the effective setup of targeted marine litter prevention and mitigation measures.   Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development (MIO-ECSDE)
  • Education, information and dissemination are essential to raise awareness to general population and to specialized and related dependent workers.
    Adoption of innovative materials and technologies are indispensable to tackle this problem.
    More cooperation both between private and public sector and between regions plus the dissemination of the outcomes of that cooperation are also very relevant.
    The prohibition of the use of (non-short-term renewable) plastics and other materials in a certain horizon should be strongly considered and finally implemented.   ECONCRETE
  • – To promote dissemination, transfer and uptake of solutions and innovative tools for measuring and enhancing resource efficiency in different sectors
    – To promote investments to support SMEs in responding to the growing customer demands for sustainable products and services by investing in eco-innovation and resource efficiency along the value chain
    – To address users’ perceptions and to raise awareness among citizens to promote sustainable consumption patterns
    – To put in place policy and legislation to promote resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production patterns
    – To launch initiatives to reduce litter on land, before it reaches rivers and later on the sea
    – To invest in recycling mechanisms and plants in those countries were it is not implemented.   BETA Tech Center, UVic/UCC – Interreg MED Green Growth
  • Invest in science, develop capacity, co-design robust, doable actions addressing the problem at source.  METU Institute of Marine Sciences
  • Whereas it is clear that the priority lays on prevention, through a change of paradigm of our current production and consumption patterns,  we cannot forget the huge importance of a proper waste collection, management and treatment system to prevent litter and other pollutants entering the environment.
    There is still a huge need to invest on the modernization of waste management Mediterranean wide, the elimination of dumpsites and uncontrolled landfills. Enhancing waste collection, separation and proper management of the organic fraction is still a top priority for Mediterranean coastal cities.
    Regarding wastes generated by sea-based activities, there is a need to increase control of the fulfilment of conditions set by MARPOL Annex V – aiming to eliminate and reduce the amount of garbage being discharged into the sea from ships – stressing also the control of leisure navigation. Adequate port reception facilities should apply to all ports and Mediterranean wide .
    Regarding fisheries support the adoption of sound waste management practices and initiatives and regulations to prevent “abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear “–ALDFG.
    The Responsibility of the Producer Principle must be stablished by laws or commitments among the Mediterranean States.
    Waste Devolution Return Systems must be boosted.
    Tax policies to favor good practices in waste management (firstly prevention) must be extended.   MedCities
  • 1) strong and increasing tax on plastics, especially for single use 2) clean the rivers’ Banks.  University of Siena
  • 1) circularity principles are applied to the economic processes, we re-shape our way of producing and consuming goods, and citizens/consumers change their behavior/habits accordingly:
    • Define distribution, concentration and provenance of all forms of garbage at the sea surface, within the water column, the sea floor and the coastal-estuarine environments; rise awareness through literacy and citizen-science;
    • Quantify impact of plastic waste in terms of economic activities, jobs, well-being of citizens and ecosystems; reduce its generation, prevent littering and exploit opportunities from collection and recycling;
    • Develop regional e-training courses on marine litter for increasing knowledge and awareness.2) ML be tackled both on land and at sea:
    • Measure and identify emerging chemical compounds from terrestrial sources, determining contaminant dispersal in all marine matrices; characterize sources, pathways and effects on marine ecosystems;
    • Fill gaps in understanding the Mediterranean Sea dynamics, biogeographic patterns, biodiversity, and ecosystem functions using novel monitoring, e.g. satellite, marine drones, molecular/genetic tools to develop new end-to-end models forecasting the carrying capacity of the Mediterranean ecosystems. Take into full consideration of long-lasting effects of historical human interventions on coastal systems including river diversions, damming, digging of canals, and construction of hard structures for coastal defense, landfills with toxic materials and spread of pollution through time.  National Research Council of Italy3) regional cooperation, which has already kicked off, be further enhanced/scaled up:
    From regional to global: upscale the BlueMed Pilot Action on Healthy Plastic-free Mediterranean Sea as overarching regional initiative, also in the perspective of implementing the UN-Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Developments Clean Ocean societal objective.
  • – Acknowledge the need for further action to address the plastic pollution issue at national, regional and international levels, in particular by developing a new international legally binding agreement to combat marine plastic pollution on a global level in an integrated manner, and in accordance with the EU new Circular Economy Action Plan;
    – Enhance synergies with the EU new Circular Economy Action Plan and EU Plastic Strategy to ensure a coherent approach to circular economy in the Mediterranean region;
    – Support the process to upgrade UNEP MAP’s Marine Litter Action Plan, including binding targets for waste collection and recycling, in order to eliminate all plastic leakage by 2030.  WWF
  • 1-il y a lieu de revoir les modes de gestion des déchets et la re utilisation des matières consommées notamment celles qui sont non biodégradables
    2- il faut une approche intégrée pour la gestion et la manipulation des déchets de sorte à ce que les communautés puissent mieux gérer les polluants.
    3- un jumelage entre les communes frontalières est aussi un moyen pour assurer les synergies entre pays.  Ministère de l’agriculture, pêche maritime, développement durable eaux et forêts: département pêche maritime – Maroc
  • Reduction on plastics or eliminating it completely in consumer goods will assisting in a sensible reduction of pollution of our seas. Other initiatives in a reduction of certain packaging materials which pollute just as much as plastics.  Malta Maritime Forum
  • Please see recommendations from ACT4LITTER Interreg project and Plastic Busters Interreg project.  MedPAN, the Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas Network
  • – Putting the theory of Citizen Science into practice. Citizen science is a process where citizens can become an integral part of the sharing of results and findings within the wider community and the interaction is very much a two-way process. Involving citizens in marine science can offer several advantages such as enhanced monitoring capabilities, empowerment of the citizens and environmental awareness. ens in marine science can offer several advantages such as enhanced monitoring capabilities, empowerment of the citizens and environmental awareness.  Med Blue Growth community
  • Efforts exerted by different projects, programs and stakeholders should be consolidated to identify and characterize the types and origins of ML. Once done, the list of main types of ML and their origins could lead to tackle each major type in a scientific and organized methodology.
    Second, incentivizing and training fishermen and fishing companies on re-collecting (training on diving and sea bottom cleaning) their lost nets, could be a win-win intervention, whereby the problem of ghost nets (and other ML) becomes mitigated, and fishermen redeem their main asset: the nets.
    The third suggestion, is to deal with coast-originated ML. For this, training on and incentivizing upcycling of trash and unwanted items, leads to creating jobs, recycling a huge amount of trash meant to become ML, a source of income generation to selected marginalized people, and an added value to items adopted at green-listed blue-tourism destinations.   Green Community NGO
  • -Poursuivre les recherches sur les nouveaux matériaux vraiment biodégradable.
    -S’attaquer de façon prioritaire sur les rejets des villes dans les fleuves plutôt que de tenter de nettoyer la mer.
    -Interdire l’usage de plastiques en mer (y compris les plastiques biosourcés).   ECOCEAN
  • La sensibilisation aux impacts ds activités humaines sur l’environnement et la biodiversité. Agence nationale des ports Maroc