Theme 2. Sustainable maritime transport and ports
- EMUNI: Devote much more attention to the recreational boating, especially motorised. Local pollution originating from those boats is big, but unaccounted for. Set higher environmental standards for the region in terms of safety and polluting emissions.
- IOC-UNESCO: 1) In other regional seas, the Regional Convention has been successful addressing solutions to reduce marine pollution, the cases of HELCOM and OSPAR provide good lessons learnt to define a regional strategy for the future of the Mediterranean. 2) The majority of non-European countries in the Mediterranean are far to accomplish the objectives for open access and digitalization, a first step will be to ensure national commitment to understand the importance of open data, information and transparency. Once this is done, the work at regional scale will be easier, without this first step, all efforts will be useless. 3) Regional agreement with National authorities (with competences in Education and Professional Education) to adapt national curricula attending the needs of new emerging employment needs, to define a mechanism to ensure mobility of students, professional internships in private companies located in the Mediterranean, etc.
- 1) Mediterranean ECA’s rules. 2) New skilled human resources to be identified and trained (5G, IoT, etc.). 3) Is strictly necessary to plan and produce strategic visions because probably 50% of the typologies of jobs needed in the following 15 years from now in all the Maritime clusters are still inexistent nowadays!. CNR-INM (Italian National Research Council – Marine Engineering Institute)
- Long term investments in sustainable energy provision to maritime transport cannot wait any longer. FAO
- 1 – Introduction of bioenergetic and less wasting sources instead of oil and petroleum.
2 – Enhance technical capacity building of digitalization skills around the Mediterranean basin.
3 – Technical practice and encouraging blue start-ups and spin offs implementation for blue jobs. INSTM – Tunisia
- More research and pilot studies should focus on bioremediation of pollution (including bioaugmentation and biostimulation) using both macro-organisms (e.g. filter-feeders) and micro-organisms. There is also need for more research on how to get bio-secure maritime structures. Most maritime structures, as currently designed, offer particularly favorable substrata for many invasive species, an issue which increases the already high risks of species invasions in harbors, marinas and ports. Currently we have no effective solutions to redress this issue. University of Bolognae
- Education and higher education are essentials for achieving the second and the third objectives. Coordinated or twinned training involving many partners of the Mediterranean area could be useful. CNR
- In general, we need to incentivize the modal shift in transport from roads and air to ferries and short sea shipping. There is a need for an ambitious strategy. Maritime transport is the most efficient mode of transport resulting in low CO2 emissions. Compared to road transport short sea shipping is two to four times more fuel-efficient. Passenger transport by sea emits less than one-tenth of that from air transport. Shifting passengers and goods to inland waterways, ferries, and short sea shipping will reduce CO2 emissions.
A UfM strategy for a clean and competitive shipping industry must involve all segments of the maritime cluster, as the shipping industry is dependent on the relevant bunker infrastructure, ports, fuels, engines and ship designs.
Port call optimization shows that substantial CO2 reductions can be achieved by optimizing the access of ships to ports in a planned schedule. Ports must also comply with their requirements to provide segregated reception facilities for all substances discharged from ships, including plastics.
UfM should evaluate the roll-out of infrastructure for the delivery of alternative (non-fossil) fuels in key Mediterranean network ports, including electricity (shore power). Shore-side
electricity is one of many solutions.
Digitalization can fall within the facilitation of port call optimization efforts and one aspect can be the proper implementation of the IMO maritime single window. A maritime single window enables all information required by public authorities in connection with the arrival, stay and departure of ships, people and cargo, to be submitted electronically via a single portal, without duplication. This type of system is recommended by IMO’s Facilitation Convention, the treaty which aims to reduce administrative burdens and make shipping and trade by sea more efficient.
Skills onboard are already covered by IMO training requirements for seafarers. Skills ashore again will arise from the developments on the port call optimization for ships and a better understanding of ship operations. Cyprus Shipping Chamber
- 1) Reduce pollution
1-1 Good governance;
1-2 Strengthen the production circuit of the factories to reach the international standard;
1-3 Optimizing maritime transport in the Mediterranean
1-3 To reduce air pollution, we must follow the principles of sustainable development
1-4 Generalize the principle of circular economy in all industrial activities.
2) Develop online monitoring of emissions and strengthen the building capacity of stakeholders
3) Building capacity of local authorities. National Institute of Marine Sciences and Technologies (Tunisia)
- 1-Networking with business incubators
2-Putting these problems through competitions and conferences, and selecting the best participating participants
3-Implementing the initiatives submitted by entrepreneurs and caring for them
4-Involving educational institutions in developing solutions to these problems by presenting them to students of various disciplines
5-Share experiences between local and international business incubators and coordinate with each other to find solutions to these problems. Ministry of Economy – Palestine
- All of the mentioned alternatives are important, and they seem complementary, but I think that the most urgent is to reduce marine pollution. New Technologies should be very useful to reach this goal. AMFORHT
- Let the polluter pay. Presa Puente Estrecho de Gibraltar, SA
- More and better surveillance, improve self-surveillance. Universidade de Évora, MARE
- Promouvoir les autorités portuaires pour l’adaptation de l’hydrogène en tant que combustible, pour les véhicules de mouvement des charges sur les ports. DynMed Alentejo – Associação para Estudos e Projectos de Desenvolvimento Regional Projectos de Dese.
- Engager une étude avec des objectifs clairs dans ce sens. Je recommande qu’elle soit réalisée par le Plan Bleu. Association Tunisienne de l’Ingénierie Côtière, Portuaire et Maritime (ATIM)
- Collaboration et dissémination des résultats auprès de tous les pays méditerranéens développant les infrastructures portuaires de commerce et encourager les pays à installer des réseaux d’électrification des quais surtout dans le pays du Sud-Med où les ports de commerce se trouvent en majorité enclavés dans les centres villes. La capacité de réaction face aux catastrophes d’origine humaine et naturelle, sachant que nous sommes devant un fait devenu top inquiétant dans notre bassin méditerranéen par le déversement de 600 Tonnes /jour de déchets marins en particulier les déchets de plastique le devenant « une mer poubelle » et aussi de la prévention de la pollution par les navires ;en coopération et dans le cadre légal convenu avec les organisations régionales concernées et par le biais d’initiatives régionales telles que le cadre régional méditerranéen pour l’intervention d’urgence contre la pollution marine accidentelle. Cluster Maritime Tunisien
- Actions and solutions and mitigation measures, would you propose to:1) reduce marine pollution (waste and oil spills) and air pollution emissions from the shipping sector;Application of management platforms (based on Internet of things) to obtain different sources of information and data: from sensors, open sources, field work, etc. to be able to correlate data with marine pollution and establish early responses and strategies to fight marine pollution.2) facilitate the transition to digitalization;
I would propose dissemination and training actions aimed at policy makers and managers on how to integrate new technologies into their practices.
3) adapt skills to new emerging employment needs
Promote the digital transformation in the sector through concrete guidelines and capacity building actions. UNIVERSIDAD DE MURCIA
- Enforce laws of national and international environmental protection. Strong Monitoring systems. Facilitate technology transfer to southern countries to support the reduction and the monitoring. Strong capacity building programs for all stakeholders. RAED – Arab Network for Environment and Development
- Actions suggested are in response to the ” 3) adapt skills to the new emerging employment needs?”.Actions will require conducting: study for the fisheries and aquaculture industries to assess their current and foreseen skills required. Then, to review the current / future graduates to the market. Based on the identified gaps, skills match-making program can be designed in cooperation with the fisheries and aquaculture industries where they can announce the vacancies they have + technical competencies required. Accordingly, vocational training programme will be designed “Training for Hiring” directly linked to the fisheries / aquaculture institution offering the vacancy. To ensuring stability and sustainability; hiring can be using same “HOMERe – www.homere-med.org” platform to identify potential candidates, then the institution will conduct the interview to select the candidate(s) to hire. Once the decision is made, the candidate will be receiving the required training, then, at the end to be hired by the institution. The-Marketer.net / HOMERe Permanent Secretariat South Shore Mediterranean
- 1) Further investigation on other non petrol-depending engines (electrical, solar, wind, hydrogen, others). Optimise routes and optimise spaces in the ships ; 2) Implement a program of benefits to promote that transition. Disseminate the results and benefits; 3) New programs at school and universities. Many young people are not aware of these new opportunities and neither of the great possibilities that the Blue industry can provide. Again education, communication, dissemination and promotion from administrations. ECONCRETE
- To implement a monitoring system for measuring air-pollution and controlling emissions, such as the so-called ‘sniffer’ sensor that has been used on-board the Belgian Coast Guard aircraft to check for environmental and nautical violations. BETA Tech Center, UVic/UCC – Interreg MED Green Growth
- Cf. Document Stratégique de Façade : http://www.dirm.mediterranee.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/la-strategie-de-facade-maritime-est-adoptee-a2892.html . wpd offshore France
- 1) sustained observing and data-driven emergency responses. 2, and 3 no idea. METU Institute of Marine Sciences
- MedCities strongly supports the roadmap agreed at UNEP MAP Cop 21 for the possible designation of the Mediterranean as an Emission Control Area for Sulphur Oxides in line with the terms of Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
From a local perspective we recognize the complexity of the multiple layers of competence for the management of a space and activity that being of crucial economic important it is also a huge pressure in terms of pollution, mobility, occupation and impact on sensitive ecosystems among others. Advancing and sharing of best practices with transferability potential for the management of the relation of ports and cities could be of high benefit Mediterranean wide. www.mediurbantools.com might play that role as a repository.
States and port authorities can legislate to prevent polluting ships from entering their facilities. On the opposite they can boost for responsible companies.
International funds must open calls for funding energy transitions to ports. MedCities
- Promotion of clean fuels and technologies to measure the pollution emission impacts. Fundacion Valenciaport
- Rapid transition to non-diesel engines with increasing carbon taxes. University of Siena
- 1)Reduce marine pollution
• Implement multidisciplinary integrated methodologies to evaluate the impact of ships and harbours on the environment at transnational level, exploit new technologies and tools to monitor pollution.
• Towards zero emission ships and harbors: support the use of LNG, methanol, hydrogen, biofuels, the electrification of ships and ports, the use of fuel cells, the design of solar and wind power generation, the optimization of energy management, the research on new materials and technologies for drag, biofouling and noise reduction.
• Develop new vessel concepts, i.e. flexible, modular and high efficiency ships, using new materials (e.g. high strength, reduced weight, smart, etc.) and advanced design and production techniques, with lower manufacturing, construction, installation, dismantling and recycling costs from the perspective of the circular economy.
• Design and develop innovative green infrastructure solutions and tailored software to improve the sustainability of logistics and ports.
• Develop innovative solutions to reduce the environmental footprint of commercial as well as tourism-oriented maritime transports and port infrastructures in line with the European Commission’s long-term strategy for a climate neutral society by 2050 and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
• Monitor the effectiveness of the implemented strategies and contribute to the proposal of new regulations.
1)&2) reduce marine pollution & facilitate the transition to digitalization
• Conduct in situ measurements and develop modelling (including Big-Data modelling) tools to understand the distribution, intensity and sources of underwater noise, as well as its effect on marine species.
3) 3) adapt skills to the new emerging employment needs
• Implement a trans-Mediterranean training course on green technologies for shipping. National Research Council of Italy
- – Achieve full ratification and implementation of pollution-related conventions and protocols, in particular the IMO MARPOL Convention, the Ballast Water Convention, the Anti-fouling Convention and the Barcelona Convention associated protocols
– Invest in sustainable energy provision in maritime transport (wind, solar) and increase funding for the electrification of Mediterranean ports and port operations
– Set science-based sustainability targets, including science-based decarbonisation targets, for the maritime transport sector in the Mediterranean region and urge large companies in the sector to do the same
– Support a joint and coordinated proposal for the designation of the Mediterranean as a Sulphur Emission Control Area to the IMO by 2022. WWF
- 1-il est proposé que l’ensemble des pays membres puissent ratifier les annexes de MARPOL et aussi ceux qui traitent la pollution marine en générale.
2-la transition requière un appui logistique et théorique aux pays qui ont moins de moyens pour la digitalisation
3-besoin d’un échange de savoir-faire entre les pays parties de l’UpM. Ministère de l’agriculture, pêche maritime, développement durable eaux et forêts: département pêche maritime – Maroc
- Education is primary and communication involved in the whole Mediterranean in a common policy will certainly assist in finding solutions and mitigation measures. Malta Maritime Forum
- Please see the recommendations of the Pharos4MPAs Interreg project (coordinated by WWF) related to maritime transport: https://pharos4mpas.interreg-med.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/Sites/Biodiversity_Protection/Projects/PHAROS4MPAs/MT_POLICYBRIEF_A4.pdf . MedPAN, the Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas Network
- – Accelerate the process for the possible designation of the whole Mediterranean Sea as an Sulphur Oxides Emission Control Area for (MED-SECA), survey possibilities to extend it into Nitrogen Emission Control Area (NECA) and define socio-economic and technical supporting measures in close cooperation with the private sector (cruise and ship companies), Marine Protected Area managers and local and port authorities.
– Authorities should implement speed restrictions as an important and effective measure to mitigate collision risk. In addition, lower speeds reduce potential acoustic impacts and emissions.
– Short-Sea Shipping for goods should be encouraged to help cut down emissions on land; it should however observe sustainable dynamics, i.e. using more carbon neutral energy/fuels.
– Maritime Spatial Planning and transit regulations are key to preventing accidents during vessel navigation and consequent environmental impacts. Marine Protected Areas managers must be part of the formal MSP process, where they can play an important role in promoting initiatives to public authorities, such as the establishment of Particularly Sensitive Areas (PSSA), Areas To Be Avoided (ATBA), or Traffic Separation Schemes (TSS).
– Small and Medium sized Ports (SMP) are a key factor of competitiveness in the MED area. They shall (i) optimize their operation and management by adopting new Information Communications Technology tools and telematic services, (ii) promote eco-innovation and (iii) implement circular economy activities.
– A more efficient logistics chain in the ports and an improved accessibility and connectivity to the territories/in-land should be sought in order to enhance sustainability and to avoid bottlenecks. Using railways should be encouraged for both goods and passengers. Med Blue Growth community
- The implementation of Emissions Control Area (ECA) is critical to reduce air pollution and promote greener ships and ports. eco-union
- Concernant les ports durables ; nous avons démontré que les infrastructures portuaires (marinas et port de commerce) pouvaient jouer un rôle écologique positif (nurserie) pour l’environnement alentours si leur qualité d’eau était convenable et si leurs gestionnaires acceptaient de s’engager dans des actions d’écoconception. ECOCEAN
- Investir dans les installations de réception portuaires. Agence nationale des ports Maroc