Theme 1. Sustainable food from the sea: sustainable fisheries and aquaculture

Theme 1. Sustainable food from the sea: sustainable fisheries and aquaculture

  • Enhance the role of small-scale fisheries and small-scale aquaculture production with emphasis on environmental sustainability and social issues, rather than profitability & massive production (recall GFCM-RPOA). Foster the model of precautionary aquaculture. Enhance the capture of invasive species. Ambitious commitments for the region to revert the trend in the next year is needed. EMUNI
  • Regional agreement endorsed by Member States (competent authority of fisheries, aquaculture and finances) in line with Agenda 2030 SDGs and the work done by international and regional bodies in the region. IOC-UNESCO
  • Offshore fish-farms organized as shared infrastructures to be cross-managed among neighboured countries. CNR-INM (Italian National Reseach Council – Marine Engineering Institute)
  • The harmonisation of policies of the kind nature-based in the region. Food systems have to be analysed in all latitudes. FAO
  • cradle-to-cradle design pilots. MED JS
  • sustainable use of secure products to overcome problem of pathologies and overuse of antibiotics in aquaculturee. INSTM – Tunisia
  • We need more research and pilot projects to develop urban aquaculture, similarly to what is done for urban production on land (green roofs, vertical farming). The exploitation of urban and periurban waterfronts for aquaculture can benefit from both advanced designs of caging systems and biotechnology that enhances food production, improves health or mitigates environmental stressors (e.g. aquapods, vertical aquaculture, smart farming) .  For example, the City of Baltimore is using recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) to prevent release of waste and improve the environmental practice of net-pen aquaculture. Crucial to these systems are the microbial biofiltration systems developed to improve nitrogen removal and maximize the re-use of saltwater in the RAS. . University of Bologna
  • Promoting a better understanding of the pollution impact on economics, besides human and planet health. CNR
  • The MSP principle must be well reinforced during development. National Institute of Marine Sciences and Technologies (Tunisia)
  • 1-Establish a law to limit violations of marine wealth and follow these laws, especially in developing countries
    2-Determine the quantities caught from marine wealth and compare them every year in terms of continuity and productivity
    3-Providing financial grants for mariculture and aquaculture
    4-Sharing these projects with the private and governmental sectors in terms of support
    5-Expanding participation with neighboring countries
    6-Working to employ technological control among the countries of the Union. Ministry of Economy – Palestine
  • Convert fisheries toward offshore mariculture. University of Bologna
  • Involving local population into sustainable aquaculture. Facilitate small loans and assist the several actors to identify the potential markets.
    Encourage the R&D in this sector to innovate in new technologies, smart production methods and equipment.
    Planning for protecting coasts and oceans on any negative impact of the aquaculture and see fisheries.  AMFORHT
  • Above all, we must preserve from plastics and the dumping of toxic substances that affect marine flora and fauna.  Presa Puente Estrecho de Gibraltar, SA
  • More monitoring of marine environments, more public information on environmental impacts.  Universidade de Évora, MARE
  • Accompagner l’évolution de la situation de très proche et maintenir un contact régulier avec les autorités nationales et/ou régionales pour adopter des mesures restrictives s’ils s’avèrent nécessaires.   DynMed Alentejo – Associação para Estudos e Projectos de Desenvolvimento Regional Projectos de Dese
  • Une évaluation quantitative et qualitative (diagnostic approfondit) de ce qui existe doit avoir lieu avant toute décision stratégique. Aussi, une enquête internationale sur le sujet est nécessaire pour prendre en compte d’autres expériences en avance.  Association Tunisienne de l’Ingénierie Côtière, Portuaire et Maritime (ATIM)
  • As I said before, the application of ICT can make fisheries, aquaculture and other priorities of the blue bioeconomy, such as Marine Spatial Planning, more efficient, to carry out more circular economy processes and save energy and natural resources. In addition, this optimization would increase the benefits to the end users and improve the environment and natural resources management and governance.  UNIVERSIDAD DE MURCIA
  • ECZM protocol to ensure sustainability. Strong monitoring procedures to ensure the enforcement. Stakeholder engagement and capacity building is needed. Provide incentives for the SMEs and investment to encourage the sector to grow.  RAED – Arab Network for Environment and Development
  • Sustainability requires two pillars to focus on: economic and environmental. Economic: by developing the capacity of fisheries and aquaculture industries management to run it in most effective way and optimized approaches to achieve financial ROI with continuous growth. Environmental, will require educating the fisheries and aquaculture industries management on the vital role they have to play in order to protect their business environment represented by the sea life. They could be engaged through CSR concept. In parallel, at educational entities, junior ambassadors units to be formed / created helping in spreading the concept and the culture of environment protection. All the above can be forged / planned via entrepreneurship concept, since today we have “Private entrepreneurs” and “Social Entrepreneurs”; the latter stands for group who work for social cause / issue largely impacting the community. Thus, the whole package can be designed through “entrepreneurship concept” tailored to suit the “fisheries and aquaculture industry”. / HOMERe Permanent Secretariat South Shore Mediterranean
  • Sustainability cannot be based exclusively on maintaining fish stocks. The sustainability and subsistence of artisanal fisheries must also be ensured and EU policy has gone 30 years in the opposite direction. Much more should be invested in promoting the consumption of their catches, the only proximity ones and Km 0, and stop promoting the consumption of species from distant and extra-Mediterranean places.Regarding the management of fish stocks, it should be based on ecosystem and polyspecific models and not extrapolate the data from 4 or 5 main species that are not representative of the more than 150 species that are caught and marketed in the Mediterranean. Necessarily, recreational fishing must be included in these models.Finally, Atlantic-specific management instruments, such as Individual Transferable Quotas, the obligation to land discards or the prohibition of polyspecific commercial categories, must be eliminated as they are contrary to the subsistence of artisanal fishing in the Mediterranean.  Direcció General de Pesca i Medi Marí. Govern de les Illes Balears (Spain)
  • We consider the following actions to be priority for the sustainability of the fisheries and aquaculture sector:-           Ensure the rights of small-scale fishermen, making sure that the quota system allows for fair allocations to short-distance fleets.-           Ensuring cooperation amongst Mediterranean countries to set quotas and fisheries management measures that are fair to all countries and respect environmental boundaries.-           Implement the ecosystem approach to fisheries management.-           Appropriate marine spatial planning that takes into account sensitive habitats (such as deep-water coral reefs, coralligenous assemblages, Posidonia meadows, and other nursery habitats for commercial species) as well as allowing enough protected habitats to allow for spill-over effects.

    –           Step up efforts for the expansion of the Natura2000 network into the marine environment, and the designation of new MPAs (marine protected areas).

    –           Reinforce monitoring and law enforcement in Mediterranean waters regarding fishing activities, and step up efforts against IUU (illegal, unreported, and unregulated) fishing.

    –           Develop harmonised standards relating to the circular design of fishing gear to encourage preparation for re-use and facilitate recyclability at the end-of-life.

    –           Invest in R&D for the development of new kinds of fish-feed for aquaculture that do not use other fish products as a source (i.e.: insect-based, plant-based fish feeds), more selective fishing gears, and non-destructive fishing methods, as well as for valorization of bycatch.

    –           Step up fleet-reduction incentives in order to have a smaller but year-round active fishing fleet, as well as incentives for aquaculture development.  Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development (MIO-ECSDE)

  • Promotion of the activities that this industry does and the benefits that provides to society, giving numbers, data to the population. Promotion between young people at Universities and Schools to assure that current and future generations understand the importance of the industry and are aware of the job opportunities that it provides. Implement a scientific program which can provide general and specific data over fisheries and aquaculture relevancy.  ECONCRETE
  • • To promote dissemination, transfer and uptake of solutions and innovative tools for measuring and enhancing resource efficiency
    • To promote investments to support SMEs in responding to the growing customer demands for sustainable products and services by investing in eco-innovation and resource efficiency along the value chain
    • To address users’ perceptions and to raise awareness among citizens to promote sustainable consumption patterns
    • To put in place policy and legislation to promote resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production patterns
    • To implement the Product Environmental Footprint method across the agro-food systems with the aim of greening the supply chain, including a higher resource efficiency and the decrease of environmental impacts
    • To limit the production of organic and inorganic waste in the agrofood sector by applying innovative technologies
    • To optimise the use of bio-based packaging materials
    • To endorse horizontal and quadruple helix approaches and cooperation among stakeholders in forthcoming initiatives as a key to achieving circular agro-food systems.   BETA Tech Center, UVic/UCC – Interreg MED Green Growth
  • Nous recommandons de considérer les actions proposées dans le cadre du Document Stratégique de Façade adopté le 04 octobre 2019 (cf. objectifs socio-économiques, indicateurs et cibles, notamment M. et N) >  .   wpd offshore France
  • Educate and train policymakers in countries first. Nurture a culture of co-design with stakeholders and scientists.  METU Institute of Marine Sciences
  • Facilitating/supporting the transferring of the FLAG mechanisms -Fisheries Local Action Groups (FLAGs) as partnerships between fisheries actors and other local private and public stakeholders- outside the EU to reach all the Mediterranean.  Those shall be linked to local economic development mechanisms, while promoting circularity.
    Supporting SMEs all through the value change in engaging in circular economy approaches with initiatives as the Interreg MED Project BLUEFASMA applied to a basin wide scale.
    States and public administrations have to put all the efforts in assuring the fulfillment of the rules upon seizes, species and fishing-excluded zones and periods.
    Tax policies must be created in order to favor/enhance the transition to new forms of fishing among companies.
    Increasing the number of Marine Protected Areas and the assurance of their implementation and management.
    Boosting covenants among public administrations and sustainable fishing companies.
    Boosting aquaculture by taxing policies upon both producers and consumers.
    Make the general public take notice of the sustainable companies that exist in the markets.   MedCities
  • Trainning and financing instruments.   Fundacion Valenciaport
  • Ensure that all the activities do not diminish natural capital stocks and do not add pollutants.   University of Siena
  • 1) Consumer oriented actions:
    • Exchange best practices and dissemination among Mediterranean countries on Sustainable Food Consumption concept and good food practices for society (e.g. reduce consumption and tourism food waste, co-design new strategies to preserve and freeze products) leading to improved society behaviours and better consumer practices;
    • Promote fishing and aquaculture eco-label products;
    2) Governance and capacity building:
    • Develop innovative methods and tools for monitoring and governing Mediterranean aquaculture and fisheries, in line with existing policies.
    • Develop capacity building activity focusing on artisanal fisheries;
    3) Innovative assessment and management:
    • Improve adaptive planning and management scenarios by defining approaches and tools to identify the trade-offs between ecological dynamics and socio-economic needs, taking into account marine ecosystems goods and services and their environmental, economic and social value;
    • The Mediterranean way for Aquaculture: (i) study and evaluate the best processes to adapt and diversify aquaculture activities (species and systems) and capacities in a changing environment, including for small and medium-scale farms; (ii) develop new management tools and ecosystem-based approach, tackling pathogens, (iii) develop conceptual models for Integrated MultiTrophic Aquaculture (IMTA);
    • Assess Fish Stocks in a holistic frame taking into account climate change (and alien species diffusion);
    • Rethink the approach to the management of by-products and by-catch from fisheries and aquaculture in the production chain.   National Research Council of Italy
  • – Promote sustainable fishing techniques, particularly more selective and low impact gear and practices. Increase investments in those gears and practices to reduce bycatch and onboard sorting costs and create specialized manufacturing jobs
    – Support small scale fisheries by implementing co-management initiatives to achieve sustainable fisheries and compliance and support fishing communities by providing alternative livelihoods that can diversify fisher’s revenue streams (pesca tourism etc.)
    – Adopt spatial and temporal closures, particularly for nursery areas, to allow for fish stocks to recover
    – Mediterranean States must strengthen compliance mechanisms within regional organisations (Regional Fisheries Management Organisations and Regional Seas Conventions) with binding commitments and infringement procedures to increase the accountability of Contracting Parties
    – Governments should increase investments in public research on sustainable aquaculture to support businesses in progressively enhancing sustainability and production efficiency.   WWF
  • Reduce pollution. Reduce plastic is definitely on the forefront to achieve this goal.  Malta Maritime Forum
  • To ensure Mediterranean fisheries to become sustainable, effort must be put in particular on  Marine protected areas and in particular on no-take zones. Indeed, MPAs, when they are effectively managed and with a sufficient part of fully protected zones (no-take/ no-fishing zones) are tools that can play a very crucial role in protecting key habitats for fish and supporting the “reserve effect”.
    Co-management of fisheries is also essential by bringing together decision-makers, authorities and fishermen to take decision regarding fisheries management.
    Regarding aquaculture, please see the recommendations from the Pharos4MPAs Interreg project (coordinated by WWF):  MedPAN, the Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas Network
  • – Fisheries & aquaculture shall implement the circular economy principles in order to lead and renew this blue growth sector to a more sustainable growth.
    – Funding opportunities are essential for sustainable innovation investments in the sector, which gathers many SMEs;
    – Common strategies related to fisheries and aquaculture in the Mediterranean shall be reached, including countries from all shores of the basin. To this end, existing clusters in the Mediterranean region should be empowered and involved in.
    – Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management shall include zones for coastal fisheries, for offshore aquaculture and other activities related to the fishing sector (e.g. recreational fishing).
    – The efficient use of waste and by-products in fisheries & aquaculture sector is not only an environmental issue but also an economic one.
    – Vocational education is also essential in this sector, as well as lifelong learning (e.g. in the form of living labs). It shall be implemented in coastal and insular areas where a big part of the population is involved in this activity.
    – Populations should be better informed on the provenance of the products they consume, as well as be made more aware about the benefits of a sound consumption for the maintaining of stocks.  Med Blue Growth community
  • Mediterranean fisheries and aquaculture should be monitored and regulated to avoid negative environmental impacts, respect ecological carrying capacity and insure fair revenues to fishermen and SMEs.  eco-union
  • In this regard, any taken action should be fishermen-oriented. Fishermen are the backbone of sustainable fishing. Raising awareness among fishermen about the sustainable fishing benefits, not only to the marine ecosystem, but for their own catch (in quantity and quality), and how it becomes durable to sustain their own livelihood, guarantees the adoption and success of sustainable fishing practices. Also, given that most fishermen are among the most vulnerable and the poorest society members, alternative and/or complementary income-generating activities should be sought or taught to fishermen, as a support means during fishing low season (e.g. involving fishermen in sea-bottom cleaning activities by training them on diving to exert it; Or, Capacity building on fish- preserving during the market low season, to be able to sell during the market high season…. and other income generating activities). Finally, creating and supporting existing fishermen Coops could help in adopting sustainable fishing endeavors.  Green Community NGO
  • Faire intervenir les pêcheurs artisanaux (et/ou leur représentant locaux, comité des pêches) dans le renouvellement de leur ressources en favorisant les actions de repeuplements. C’est ce que nous réalisons actuellement dans deux projets en cours (ORREA à Toulon et CASCIOMAR à Marseille).  ECOCEAN
  • -Informer, former et sensibiliser les acteurs (responsables d’usines, les pécheurs et les consommateurs) sur le respect de l’environnement, la qualité du poisson à pecher;
    -Conscientiser les pecheurs sur les dangers liés dechets qu’ils jettent dans la mer.  Assistance Communautaire et Développement (ASCOM)
  • Sensibilisation des pecheurs / Renforcer la connaissance scientifique de l’état des ressources halieutiques.  Agence nationale des ports Maroc